Family: uglandaceae
Genus: Juglans
Botanical name: Juglans regia
Sanskrit: Akschota
Hindi: Akhroat
English: Persian Walnut, English Walnut, Common Walnut, California Walnut, European Walnut
Malayalam: Akrottu
Persian Walnut is a large, deciduous tree attaining heights of 25–35 m, and a trunk up to 2 m diameter, commonly with a short trunk and broad crown, though taller and narrower in dense forest competition. It is a light-demanding species, requiring full sun to grow well.
The bark is smooth, olive-brown when young and silvery-grey on older branches, and features scattered broad fissures with a rougher texture. Like all walnuts, the pith of the twigs contains air spaces; this chambered pith is brownish in color. The leaves are alternately arranged, 25–40 cm long, odd-pinnate with 5–9 leaflets, paired alternately with one terminal leaflet. The largest leaflets are the three at the apex, 10–18 cm long and 6–8 cm broad; the basal pair of leaflets are much smaller, 5–8 cm long, with the margins of the leaflets entire. The male flowers are in drooping catkins 5–10 cm long, and the female flowers are terminal, in clusters of two to five, ripening in the autumn into a fruit with a green, semi fleshy husk and a brown, corrugated nut. The whole fruit, including the husk, falls in autumn; the seed is large, with a relatively thin shell, and edible, with a rich flavour.
The bark and leaves of Persian Walnut is used for skin troubles, inflamed tonsils, soreness in the mouth, diarrhea, dysentery, leucorrhea, worms and stops vomiting during pregnancy.
Juglans regiat
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