Family: Bombacaceae (baobab family)
Genus: Bombax
Botanical name: Bombax ceiba
Sanskrit: Salmali, Mocha, Picchila, Raktapushpa, Stirayu, Poorani, Kandaka
Hindi: kaantisenbal, rakta senbal, semal, semar kanda, semul, semur, shembal, shimbal, simal, simul
English: Silk Cotton Tree, Kapok Tree
Malayalam: Ilavu, Mullilavu, Unnamurika
Silk Cotton Tree grows to an average of 20 meters, with old trees up to 60 meters in wet tropical weather. The trunk and limb bear numerous conical spines particularly when young, but get eroded when older. The leaves are palmate with about 6 leaflets radiating from a central point, an average of 7~10 centimeters wide, 13~15 centimeters in length. The leaf's long flexible petiole is up to 20 cm long.
Cup-shaped flowers solitary or clustered, axillary or sub-terminal, fascicles at or near the ends of the branches, when the tree is bare of leaves, an average of 7~11 centimeters wide, 14 centimeters in width, petels up to 12 centimeters in length, calyx is cup-shaped usually 3 lobed, an average of 3~5 centimeters in diameter. Staminal tube is short, more than 60 in 5 bundles. stigma is light red, up to nine centimeters in length, ovary is pink, 1.5~ 2 centimeters in length, with the skin of the ovary covered in white silky hair at 1mm long. Seeds are numerous, long, ovoid, black or gray in colour and packed in white cotton.
The fruit, which reaches an average of 13 centimeters in length, is light-green in color in immature fruits, brown in mature fruits. The Resin, Leaves, Bark and Thorns is used for wounds, ulcers, skin diseases, hemorrhoids, urinary calculus, cystitis, inflammations, cough and bronchitis
Bombax ceiba
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
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