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Family: Valerianaceae
Genus: Nardostachys
Botanical name: Nardostachys jatamansi
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Jatamansi, Bhutajata, Tapasvini, Jatamansi
Hindi: Jatamanshi
English: Spikenard, Muskroot plant, Jatamansi
Malayalam: Jadamanchi, Manchi
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Spikenard is a flowering plant of the Valerian family that grows in the Himalayas of Nepal, China, and India. The plant grows to about 1 m in height and has pink, bell-shaped flowers. It is found in the altitude of about 3000–5000 meters. Spikenard rhizomes (underground stems) can be crushed and distilled into an intensely aromatic amber-colored essential oil, which is very thick in consistency. Nard oil is used as a perfume, an incense, a sedative, and an herbal medicine said to fight insomnia, birth difficulties, and other minor ailments.
The oil was known in ancient times and was part of the Ayurvedic herbal tradition of India. The root of Spikenard is used for swelling, wound, fever, and pain and skin diseases. It is also content of Pettaharija decoction.
Nardostachys jatamansi
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
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