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Family: Anacardiaceae (cashew family)
Genus: Lannea
Botanical name: Lannea coromandelica
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Ajashringi, Jhingini
Hindi: Mohin
English: Indian ash tree, Moya, Wodier
Malayalam: Kaarilav, Kaladam, Otiyan-maram, Uthi
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Indian ash tree is a deciduous tree, growing up to 14 m tall. Branchlets are minutely covered with starry hairs. Alternately arranged leaves are pinnate, with a single terminal leaflet (pinnae) at the end. The spine carrying the leaflets is up to 7 cm long. Leaflets are usually 5, each laterals opposite, ovate, base rounded, densely velvet-hairy when young. Flowers are unisexual, greenish, the male in compound and female in simple racemes. Sepals 4, about 1 mm long, broad ovate. Petals 4, 2 mm long, oblong, green yellow. Fruit is ovoid, compressed, in panicles, at the end of leafless branches.
The bark is acrid, astringent, stoodyne. It is used as a lotion for bruises, wounds, sores, ulcers and sore eyes. The gum is given in asthma and as cordial to women lactation. The bark has stimulant properties and is reported to be used in gout. It is used in decoction for aphthae of the mouth and toothache. Boiled leves are applied in sprains and bruises, local swellings, pains of body and in elephantiasis.
Lannea coromandelica
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