Family: Menispermaceae
Botanical name: Cocculus Hirsutus Diels, Cocculus Villosus DC
Sanskrit: Palalagaruda, Chilihinda
English : Broom creeper, Ink berry
Hindi : Patalgarudi, Jaljamani
Malayalam : Patalagarudakkoli, Patalagarudi, Katukodi
Broom creeper is a climbing undershrub, often densely velvety. Leaves are 4-8 cm long, 2.5-6 cm broad, ovate or ovate-oblong, sometimes 3-5-lobed, base heart-shaped, wedge-shaped or flat, tip blunt or with a small point. Leaves are densely velvety when young, later nearly hairless. Basal nerves are 3-5. Leaf stalk is 0.5-2.5 cm long. Male flowers have sepals hairy, the outer 3, oblong-lanceshaped, 1.5-2 mm long, 0.5-0.8 mm broad, the inner 3 broadly ovate, 1.5-2.5 mm long, 1.7-2 mm broad. Petals are ovate- oblong, 0.5-1.5 mm long, 0.3-6 mm broad. Stamens are 0.7-1 mm long. Female flowers 1-3, on axillary stalks, rarely racemed. Fruit is a dark purple berry, 4-8 mm long, 4-5 mm broad, endocarp annular or ribbed with a prominent dorsal crest, perforated. The juice of the ripe fruit yields a permanent bluish-purple ink and the roots as well as the leaves are used in native medicine and as a tonic like the last species. Flowering: December-March.
The roots are bitter, acrid, thermogenic, laxative, alternate, emollient, alexeteric. depurative, demulcent, digestive, carminative, diurptic, aphrodisiac, expectorant. anodyne. antipyretic and tonic, and are useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and vata, poisonous bites, leprosy, skin diseases. pruritus. dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, stranguary, cough. bronchitis, gout. cephalalgia, intermittent fevers, spermatorrhoea. urethrorrhea. burning sensation, tubercular glands. fractures, hypertension and general debility. The leaves are mucilaginous, cooling, demulcent, anodyne and expectorant. and are useful in eczema. gonorrhoea, prurigo, impetigo cough, ophthalmia. cephalalgia and neuralgia.
Broom creeper is used against the poison of viper and keeps the Kidney working in the victims of viper.
Cocculus hirsutus diels
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
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