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Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Rhodomyrtus
Botanical name: Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit:
Hindi:
English: Rose Myrtle, Ceylon Hill Gooseberry
Malayalam: Koratta, Kirattan, Thavittumarom, Thavattukoyya, Thaontay, Cherukotlampazham
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Rose Myrtle is an evergreen shrub growing up to 4 m-12 feet tall. The leaves are opposite, leathery, 5–7 cm long and 2-3.5 cm broad, three-veined from the base, oval, obtuse to sharp pointed at the tip, glossy green above, densely grey or rarely yellowish-hairy beneath, with a wide petiole and an entire margin. The flowers are solitary or in clusters of two or three, 2.5–3 cm diameter, with five petalswhich are tinged white outside with purplish-pink or all pink.
The fruit is edible, 10–15 mm long, purple, round, three or four-celled, capped with persistent calyx lobes, soft, with 40-45 seeds in a double row in each cell; seed dispersal is by frugivorous birds and mammals. Seed production and germination rates are high.
The buds and young leaves have a beneficial effect in colic diarrhoea, dysentery, abscesses, furunculosis and haemorrhage. The concentrated decoction of leaves is used as an antiseptic wash for wounds, impetigo and abscesses.
Rhodomyrtus tomentosa
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