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Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
Genus: Spermacoce Botanical name: Spermacoce articularis
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: madanaghanti
Hindi: madanaghanti
English: Jointed Buttonweed, False buttonweed
Malayalam: Kutalccurukki, Nattaccuri
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Jointed Buttonweed is an annual herb, growing to 60 cm tall. The stems have few 4-angled branches near the base. Leaves are obovate to oblong-lanceolate, 1-5 cm long, 4-20 mm wide. The leaves are covered with fine hair. Flowers occur in groups of few, and are stalkless. The flower-tube is narrow, white in color, and 3 mm long. The 4 oblong-ovate petals are tinged pale purple, and covered with fine hair at the back. The filaments of the stamens protrude out of the flowers. The fruit is spherical-ellipsoid, 3 mm across. The plant is found in open spaces at low elevations.
The medicinal part is the resin gum exuded when incisions are made in the bark of the trunk. The whole plant is used for headaches, constipation, hypertension, mouth ulcers, abscesses, and as ant fertility medicine. The plant is also prescribed to cure haemorrhoids.
Spermacoce articularis
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