Family: Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
Genus: Mangifera
Botanical name: Mangifera indica
Sanskrit: Amra, Choota, Rasala, Pikavallabha, Makanda, Cutha
Hindi: Aam, Amb
English: Mango
Malayalam: Mavu, Manga
Mango trees grow up to 35–40 m (115–130 ft) tall, with a crown radius of 10 m (33 ft). The trees are long-lived, as some specimens still fruit after 300 years. In deep soil, the taproot descends to a depth of 6 m (20 ft), with profuse, wide-spreading feeder roots; the tree also sends down many anchor roots, which penetrate several feet of soil. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 15–35 cm (5.9–14 in) long and 6–16 cm (2.4–6.3 in) broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark, glossy red, then dark green as they mature. The flowers are produced in terminal panicles 10–40 cm (3.9–16 in) long; each flower is small and white with five petals 5–10 mm (0.20–0.39 in) long, with a mild, sweet odor suggestive of lily of the valley. The fruit takes three to six months to ripen.
The ripe fruit varies in size and colour. Cultivars are variously yellow, orange, red or green, and carry a single flat, oblong pit that can be fibrous or hairy on the surface, and which does not separate easily from the pulp. Ripe, unpeeled mangoes give off a distinctive resinous, sweet smell. Inside the pit 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) thick is a thin lining covering a single seed, 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in) long. The seed contains the plant embryo.
The Root, Bark, Leaves, Fruits and Seeds of Mango is used for metrorrhgia, syphilis, wounds, ulcers, vomiting, diarrhoea, dysentery and rheumatism. The leaves are kapha, hicough, burning sensation, wounds, diarrhoea and dysentery. The ashes of the burnt leaves are useful in burns and scalds. The flowers are ulcers, dyspepsia, anorexia and haemptysis
Mangifera indica
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