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Family: Mimosaceae
Genus: Mimosa
Botanical name: Mimosa pudica Linn
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
SANSKRIT: Lajjalu, Samanga, Raktapadi, Namaskari, Kharatvak, Sankochani
English : Sensitive plant, Humble plant
Hindi : Lajvanti, Lajjavanti
Malayalam : Tottavadi, Tottalvadi, Thotta Vati, Tintarmani
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
The stem is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. The stem is slender, branching, and sparsely to densely prickly, growing to a length of 1.5 m (5 ft). The leaves of the mimosa pudica are compound leaves.
The leaves are bipinnately compound, with one or two pinnae pairs, and 10-26 leaflets per pinna. The petioles are also prickly. Pedunculate (stalked) pale pink or purple flower heads arise from the leaf axils in mid summer with more and more flowers as the plant gets older. The globose to ovoid heads are 8–10 mm in diameter (excluding the stamens). On close examination, it is seen that the floret petals are red in their upper part and the filaments are pink to lavender. The fruit consists of clusters of 2-8 pods from 1–2 cm long each, these prickly on the margins. The pods break into 2-5 segments and contain pale brown seeds some 2.5 mm long. The flowers are pollinated by the wind and insects. The seeds have hard seed coats which restrict germination.
The whole plant of Sensitive Plant is used the treatment of jaundice, asma and fever.
Mimosa pudica Linn
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