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Family: Euphorbiaceaebr
Botanical name: Ricinus communis Linn.
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Erandah, Panchangula, Vatari, Deerghadanda, Gandharvahasta
English: Castor
Hindi: Erandi, Erand
Malayalam: Avanakku
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Most of the important medicated oil made from Castor plant in toxicology
The castor oil plant, Ricinus communis, is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It belongs to a monotypic genus, Ricinus, and subtribe, Ricininae.
Castor Bean is an evergreen herbaceous or semi-woody large shrub or small tree that reaches 5 meters tall and 4.5 m wide. This is a fast growing plant that tends to grow straight up at first, and then develops branches later. The evolution of castor and its relation to other species are currently being studied using modern genetic tools. Its seed is the castor bean which, despite its name, is not a true bean. Castor is indigenous to the southeastern Mediterranean Basin, Eastern Africa, and India, but is widespread throughout tropical regions (and widely grown elsewhere as an ornamental plant).
Castor seed is the source of castor oil, which has a wide variety of uses. The seeds contain between 40% and 60% oil that is rich in triglycerides, mainly ricinolein. The seed contains ricin, a toxin, which is also present in lower concentrations throughout the plant.
Castor
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