Family: Pinaceae (Pine family)
Botanical name: Cedrus deodara
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Devadaru, Suradaru, Bhadradaru, Paribhadra, Amarakashta, Snehavriksha
Hindi: Dvedar, Deodar
English: Deodar, Himalayan cedar
Malayalam: Devadaram, Devadaru
Deodar is a species of cedar native to the western Himalayas in eastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, northern India (Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand ), south westernmost Tibet and western Nepal, occurring at 1,500–3,200 m (4,921–10,499 ft) altitude. It is a large evergreen coniferous tree reaching 40–50 m (131–164 ft) tall, exceptionally 60 m (197 ft) with a trunk up to 3 m (10 ft) in diameter. It has a conic crown with level branches and drooping branchlets.
The leaves are needle-like, mostly 2.5–5 cm long, occasionally up to 7 cm long, slender (1 mm thick), borne singly on long shoots, and in dense clusters of 20-30 on short shoots; they vary from bright green to glaucous blue-green in colour. The female cones are barrel-shaped, 7–13 cm long and 5–9 cm broad, and disintegrate when mature (in 12 months) to release the winged seeds. The male cones are 4–6 cm long, and shed their pollen in autumn.
The Leaves, Heartwood and Oil is used for headache, smell of wounds, ear ache, epilepsy, diabetes chronic cough, skin diseases and cold.