Family: Pedaliaceae (Sesame family)
Genus: Sesamum
Botanical name: Sesamum indicum
Sanskrit: Tilah, Snehaphala, Paravata
Hindi: Safed til
English: Sesame, Gingili
Malayalam: Ellu
Sesame is an annual plant growing 50 to 100 cm (1.6 to 3.3 ft) tall, with opposite leaves 4 to 14 cm (1.6 to 5.5 in) long with an entire margin; they are broad lanceolate, to 5 cm (2 in) broad, at the base of the plant, narrowing to just 1 cm (0.4 in) broad on the flowering stem. The flowers are yellow, tubular, 3 to 5 cm (1.2 to 2.0 in) long, with a four-lobed mouth. The flowers may vary in colour with some being white, blue or purple.
Sesame fruit is a capsule, normally pubescent, rectangular in section and typically grooved with a short triangular beak. The length of the fruit capsule varies from 2 to 8 cm, its width varies between 0.5 to 2 cm, and the number of loculi from 4 to 12. The fruit naturally splits opens (dehisces) to release the seeds by splitting along the septa from top to bottom or by means of two apical pores, depending on the varietal cultivar. The degree of dehiscence is of importance in breeding for mechanised harvesting as is the insertion height of the first capsule. The weight of the seeds is between 20 and 40 milligrams.
The Root, Leaves, Seed and Oil is used for skin diseases, hemorrhoids, ulcers, migraine, Stomach-ache, Rheumatic pains and Dandruff. Oil is used for viper treatment for vomiting the blood and preparing medicated oil.
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