Family: Rubiaceae (Coffee family)
Genus: Coffea
Botanical name: Coffea arabica
Sanskrit: Rajapeelu, Rajapiluh
Hindi: Caphi, Pilu, Kafi
English: Coffee tree, Arabian coffee
Malayalam: Kappi
Coffee tree grown in the tropics, coffee is a vigorous bush or small tree that usually grows to a height of 3–3.5 m (10–12 feet). Most commonly cultivated coffee species grow best at high elevations, but are nevertheless intolerant of freezing temperatures.
The tree of Kappi will grow fruits after three to five years, and will produce for about 50 to 60 years (although up to 100 years is possible). The white flowers are highly scented. The fruit takes about 9 months to ripen.
Due to its relatively high content of alkaloids (the obromine ), it has a direct stimulating action on the central nervous system and a secondary diuretic effect. It potentiates the analgesic effect of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Coffee is a bitter substance and is a powerful promoter of peristalsis additionally; coffee worsens anxiety type of depression.
Caffeine is also used to enhance exercise performance. Caffeine potentiates calcium release from skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. Caffeine also increases fat breakdown, facilitates central nervous system transmission, reduces plasma potassium during exercise, increases force of muscle contraction at lower frequencies of stimulation and has a muscle glycogen sparing effect. Drinking less than 5 cups of coffee per day long term does not appear to increase the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease, peptic ulcer or arrhythmia. Short term consumption of coffee can cause dieresis, gastrointestinal distress, tremors, insomnia, and anxiety.
Coffee Tree
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
Contact Us
About Us
Myths About Snakes
Symptoms Of Snake Bite
Medicinal Plants
Snakes Of India
Birds Of World