Family: Portulacaceae (Moss rose family)
Genus: Portulaca
Botanical name: Portulaca oleracea
Sanskrit: Lonika, Brihat loni, Khotika
Hindi: Lunia, Badi noni, Bara laniya
English: Common purslane, Verdolaga, Pigweed, Little Hogweed, Pursley, Moss rose
Malayalam: Kozhuppa, Kozhuppacheera, Karicheera, Uppucheera
This Common purslane is native to India. The leaves are alternate. Each succulent leaf is entire and the leaves are clustered at stem joints and ends. The flowers have 5 regular parts and are up to 0.6cm wide. They are yellow. Blooms first appear in late spring and continue into mid fall. The flowers open singly at the center of the leaf cluster for only a few hours on sunny mornings. Seeds are formed in a tiny pod the lid of which opens when the seeds are ready. It can be found growing wild and/or cultivated in much of the world. It existed in the New World before the arrival of Columbus, and was found in Europe by the late 16th century. It can be found growing in almost any unshaded area, including flower beds, corn fields, and waste places. Purslane can be found growing in cold climate areas as well as warm areas. It has been used in salads and as a medicinal plant (for people) for hundreds of years Purslane is a good edible and is eaten throughout much of Europe and Asia. It can be eaten fresh or cooked and has no bitter taste at all. Since it has a mucilaginous quality it is great for soups and stews.
Known as Ma Chi Xian in traditional Chinese medicine, its active constituents include: noradrenaline, calcium salts, dopamine, DOPA, malic acid, citric acid, glutamic acid, asparagic acid, nicotinic acid, alanine, glucose, fructose, and sucrose.Betacyanins is olated from Portulaca oleracea ameliorated cognition deficits in aged mice. A rare subclass of Homoisoflavonoids, from the plant, showed in vitro cytotoxic activities towards four human cancer cell lines. Use is contraindicated during pregnancy and for those with cold and weak digestion. Purslane is a clinically effective treatment for oral lichen planus, and its leaves are used to treat insect or snake bites on the skin, boils, sores, pain from bee stings, bacillary dysentery, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, postpartum bleeding, and intestinal bleeding.
Strangely, Portulaca oleracea efficiently removes bisphenol A, an endocrine-disrupting chemical, from a hydroponic solution, how this happens is unclear.
Common Purslane
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
Contact Us
About Us
Myths About Snakes
Symptoms Of Snake Bite
Medicinal Plants
Snakes Of India
Birds Of World