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Family: Euphorbiaceae (Castor family)
Genus: Bridelia
Botanical name: Bridelia retusa Spreng
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Kaji, Khaja, Kassi
Hindi: Kaja, Kassi
English: Spinous Kino Tree
Malayalam: Mulluvenga, Mulkaini
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Spinous Kino Tree is identified by rigid leathery leaves with straight parallel lateral veins and strong spines on the bark of young stems. It is a drought hardy species, produces root-suckers and a good coppicer. Leaf-blade is elliptic-oblong to elliptic-oblanceolate, 10-20 x 4-10 cm, tip somewhat pointed, sometimes blunt, base is rounded or roundly wedge-shaped, margin entire or wavy, thinly leathery, lateral nerves 15-20 pairs. Flowers are arranged in axillary fascicles and also in fascicles on leafless branches appearing as spikes. The fascicles are either unisexual or bisexual; axes densely puberulous; bracts small, acute; flowers stalked. Fruit is globose, fleshy sweetish drupe, about the size of a pea, purple-black, seated on a hard enlarged calyx. 1 or 2 seeds with fairly thick bony shells. Distributed throughout India.
The bark is used in the treatment of antifertility, cuts, debility, arthritis, diarrhoea and used as a liniment with gingerly oil in rheumatism. It is also used as antidote to snake bite.
Spinous Kino Tree
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