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Family: Lecythidaceae
Genus: Couroupita
Botanical name: Couroupita guianensis
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Nagalingataru
English: Cannon Ball Tree, Brazil Nut
Hindi: Nagalinga, Tope gola
Malayalam: Nagalinga maram, Sivalinga maram
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Cannon Ball Tree is part of the family Lecythidaceae and grows up to 25 m (82 ft) in height. The "Cannonball Tree" is so called because of its brown cannon-ball-like fruits. The majority of these trees outside their natural environment have been planted as a botanical curiosity, as they grow very large, distinctive flowers. Its flowers are orange, scarlet and pink in color, and form large bunches measuring up to 3m in length. They produce large spherical and woody fruits ranging from 15 to 24 cm in diameter, containing up to 200 or 300 seeds a piece.
The Cannon Ball Tree possesses antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic and analgesic qualities. The trees are used to cure colds and stomach aches. Juice made from the leaves is used to cure skin diseases, and shamans of South America have even used tree parts for treating malaria. The inside of the fruit can disinfect wounds and young leaves ease toothache. The fruit emits an unpleasant odor and can be used as an insect repelent just by rubbing it to the skin or clothes.
Cannon Ball Tree
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