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Family: Polypodiaceae
Genus: Drynaria
Botanical name: Drynaria quercifolia (Linn.) J. Smith.
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Aswakatri
English: Basket ferns, Wood fern
Hindi: Asvakatri, Katikapan
Malayalam: Pannakizhangu, Matilpanna, Pannikizangu
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Basket ferns are characterized by the presence of two types of fronds, fertile foliage fronds and sterile nest fronds. The dark green foliage fronds are large, 2–4 feet (0.61–1.2 m) long, with elongated stalks. They are deeply lobed or pinnate, winged, and bear sori (structures producing and containing spores) on the bottom surfaces.
The nest fronds are smaller rounded leaves basal to the foliage fronds. They do not bear sori and are persistent, not being shed after turning brown and dying. They form a characteristic 'basket' that collect litter and organic debris, hence the common name. The collected debris decompose into humus, providing the plants with nutrients it would otherwise not have received from being suspended above the ground.
Both frond types grow from rhizomes typically anchored to a tree or a rock. The rhizomes of Drynariaare creeping and densely covered in brown scales
The rhizomes of Basket ferns is used to cough, typhoid, diarrhea, migraine and headache.
Basket Ferns
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