Family: Apiaceae (Carrot family)
Botanical name: Foeniculum vulgare
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Misreya, Madhurika
Hindi: Moti saunf
English: Fennel, Sweet fennel, Florence fennel, Finocchio, Wild Fennel
Fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, is a perennial herb. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 m, with hollow stems. The leaves grow up to 40 cm long; they are finely dissected, with the ultimate segments filiform (threadlike), about 0.5 mm wide. (Its leaves are similar to those of dill, but thinner.) The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 cm wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. The fruit is a dry seed from 4–10 mm long, half as wide or less, and grooved.
Fenne seeds are used for widely used in the treatment of anemia, menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, fibroids, stomach-aches, sore throat, coughs, bad-breath, skin diseases, eye infections, intestinal worms and flatulence.
The essence of fennel can be used as a safe and effective herbal drug for primary dysmenorrhea, but could have lower potency than mefenamic acid at the current study level