Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Genus: Eleusine
Botanical name: Eleusine coracana
Sanskrit: Madhulika, Mattakam, Nrutyakundala
Hindi: Mandua, Mandwa, Marua Maruwa
English: Finger Millet, African Millet,
Malayalam: Ragi
Finger Millet is an annual plant widely grown as a cereal in the arid areas of Africa and Asia. Finger millet is originally native to the Ethiopian Highlands and was introduced into India approximately 4000 years ago. It is very adaptable to higher elevations and is grown in the Himalaya up to 2,300 m altitude. Stems (culms) are erect, laterally flattened, 0.6-1.2 m tall or long, profusely tillering, in addition to branches sent out at the rounded nodes in succession. Plants are often prostrate. Root system is fibrous and remarkably strong, permeating soil thoroughly. Inflorescence is a whorl of 2-8 (normally 4-6), digitate, straight, or slightly curved spikes 12.5-15 cm long, about 1.3 cm broad. Spikelets are about 70, arranged alternately on rachis, each containing 4-7 seeds, varying from 1-2 mm in diameter. Caryopsis is nearly globose to somewhat flattened, smooth or tugose, reddish-brown to nearly white or black.
The grains are astringent, cooling, diuretic, depurative and tonic and are useful in burning sensation, hyperdipsia, strangury, renal and vesical calculi, leprosy, skin diseases and general debility. Ragi meals is an ideal food for diabetics and also obese. Ragi is rich in cellulose; therefore its regular use is an excellent medicine for chronic constipation.
Finger Millet
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
Contact Us
About Us
Myths About Snakes
Symptoms Of Snake Bite
Medicinal Plants
Snakes Of India
Birds Of World