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Family: Plumbaginaceae
Genus: Plumbago
Botanical name: Plumbago rosea Linn.
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Chitraka, Agni, Dahana
English: Leadwort, Red leadwort, Fire plant
Hindi: Chitra, Chita
Malayalam: Koduveli
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Lal Chitrak is a plant commonly cultivated in gardens throughout India. This winter flowering plant begins to show off its soft red, festive colors in time for winters. A nice change from the traditional poinsettia, this Indian native continues to flower for months to come. Lal Chitrak makes an outstanding container plant for a sunny window. Watch with fascination how the flowers keep emerging on the same flower spike from winter until spring. This is an erect or spreading, more or less branched, herbaceous or half-woody plant 1.5 meters or less in height. The leaves are ovate to oblong-ovate, 8 to 13 centimeters long, slightly drooping, and smooth, with entire, undulate or wavy margins, pointed or blunt tip, and pointed base. The spikes are 15 to 30 centimeters long. The calyx is tubular, 8 to 10 millimeters long, and covered with stalked, sticky glands. The corolla is bright red, the tube is slender and about 2.5 centimeters long, and the limb, which spreads, is about 3 cm in diameter.
The root of Leadwort plant is processed and used for Naseum (drops into the nose) a treatment to combat snake poison (Cobra) .The juice of the plant is used for making pills.
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