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Family: Poaceae
Genus: Panicum
Botanical name: Panicum sumatrense
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Syamakah
Hindi: Savan, Kumku, Kutki
English: Little Millet
Malayalam: Cama, Chama
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
This species of cereal is similar in habit to the proso millet except that it is smaller. It is an annual herbaceous plant, which grows straight or with folded blades to a height of 30 cm to 1 m. The leaves are linear, with the sometimes hairy laminae and membranous hairy ligules. The panicles are from 4 to 15 cm in length with 2 to 3.5 mm long awn. The grain is round and smooth, 1.8 to 1.9 mm long.
The grains are astringent, sweet, emollient, cooling, desiccating, constipating, alexeteric and digestive. They are useful in vitiated conditions of kapha and pitta, burning sensation, diarrhoea, dysentry, dyspepsia, wounds, ulcers and gonirrhoea.
Chama
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
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