Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Botanical name: Citrus limon (Linn.) Burm.f.
Sanskrit: Nimbuka, Jambira, Jambaka
English: Lime tree, Lemon
Hindi: Jamir nimbu, Nimbu
Malayalam: Cherunarakam, Cherunaranga
The lemon, is a small tree in the Rutaceae (citrus family) that originated in Asia (likely India and Pakistan) and is now grown commercially worldwide in tropical, semi-tropical, and warm temperate countries, including the Mediterranean region, for the fruit, which is used fresh and in beverages and cooking, and is also used as a preservative due to its anti-oxidant properties. The lemon tree grows to 6 m (20 ft) tall, and has stout spines. The leaves are dark green, leathery, and evergreen, oblong, elliptical, or oval and up to 14 cm (4 in) long; in contrast to several other citrus species, the petioles (leaf stems) are not winged or only narrowly winged. Flower buds are purplish but flowers open to have 5 white petals, up to 5 cm across. Fruits are globose to oblong, 7.5 to 12.5 cm long, and ripen to yellow, with smooth to bumpy rinds dotted with oil glands. Lemon fruits can be highly acidic (although non-acid varieties are also cultivated), and are high in citric acid and vitamin C.
Citrus juice also has medical uses; lemon juice is used to relieve the pain of bee stings. Oranges were historically used for their high content of vitamin C, which prevents scurvy. Scurvy is caused by vitamin C deficiency, and can be prevented by having 10 milligrams of vitamin C a day.
Citrus fruit juices, such as orange, lime and lemon, may be useful for lowering the risk factors for specific types of kidney stones.Lime Juse is used to purify medicine and grinding pills.
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