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Family: Oleaceae
Botanical name: lea dioica Roxb. (Olea malabarica Kostel.)
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Aranyatvak, Aranyachocha
English: Malabar Cinnamon, cinnamomum tamala
Hindi: Attajan
Malayalam: Edana, Vazana, Poochamaram
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Malabathrum, Malabathron, or Malobathrum, is the name used in classical and medieval texts for certain cinnamon-like aromatic plant leaves and an ointment prepared from those leaves.Cinnamomum tamala (sometimes given as Cinnamomum tejpata) is thought to be one of the primary sources of these leaves, although other species of Cinnamomum and even plants in other genera [1] may also have been used. In ancient Greece and Rome, the leaves were used to prepare a fragrant oil, called Oleum Malabathri, and were therefore valuable. The leaves are mentioned in the 1st century Greek text Periplus Maris Erytraei as one of the major exports of the Malabar coast which is the present Kerala coast. In the language of Kerala that is, Malayalam, the plant is called 'Vazhana'. It is also known as 'Edana' in Malayalam. The name Malabathrum is also used in mediaeval texts to describe the dried leaves of a number of trees of the genus Cinnamomum, which were thought to have medicinal properties.
The leaves and bark of Edana is vata, pitta, fever and skin diseases due to spider bite .
Edana
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