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Family: Verbenaceae (Verbena family)
Genus: Vitex
Botanical name: Vitex altissima
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Atulam, Tilakam
Hindi: Tilakapushpa
English: Peacock Chaste Tree, Tail Chaste Tree, Peacock's foot tree, Tall chaste tree
Malayalam: Mayilellu, Mayila, Kattumayila
MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Mayilellu is a large tree growing up to 40 meters in height, with quadrangular and channelled branchlets. Leaves are compound, palmate, 3-5 foliate, winged rachis, leaflets are elliptic or elliptic-oblong, acute at both the ends. Back of the leaves is white-woolly. Flowers are whitish, tinged with blue, borne in hairy panicles at the end of branches. Fruits ovoid drupes, containing hard seed. Peacock Chaste Tree produces berries abundantly during September-December. Within India, it is found in Assam and Meghalaya, and the Deccan Peninsula, up to an altitude of 1200 m in the hills.
The root and leaves of Mayilellu is used for kapha, vata, inflammation, wounds, ulcers, allergy, eczema, pruritus, worm infestations and urinary system diseases. The tribal groups residing in Davanagere district in Karnataka state in India use leaves as antiseptic in the treatment of wounds, in treating jaundice and fever.
Mayilellu
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