Family: Capparaceae (caper family)
Genus: Crateva
Botanical name: Crataeva magna, Crataeva adansonii
Sanskrit: Varuna, Pasugandha, Asmarighna, Tikta
Hindi: Barun,Barna
English: Three-leaf caper, Garlic pear tree, Caper tree, Obtuse Leaf Crateva, Three-leaved caper
Malayalam: Neermathalam, Neerval
A moderate sized deciduous tree found throughout India, especially along the river banks. Bark grey, smooth horizontally wrinkled. Leaves trifoliate. Flowers white, or cream in many flowered terminal corymbs. The bark is grey, and the wood is yellowish-white, turning light-brown when old. The leaves are clustered at the ends of branch lets, with a common petiole 5 to 10 centimetres long, at the summit of which are tree leaflets. The leaflets are ovate-lanceolate or ovate, 7.5 to 12 centimetres long, 4 to 6 centimetres wide, and pointed at the base, with a rather slender point at the tip. The flowers occur in terminal corymbs, are about 5 centimetres in diameter, greenish-yellow, and the stamens are purplish. The petals are ovate or oblong, with the claw half as long as limb. The fruit is ovoid or rounded, and 3 to 5 centimetres in diameters, with hard and rough rind. The seeds are about 10 centimetres in length, numerous, kidney-shaped, and embedded in a yellow pulp.
The dried bark is used raw drug in traditional systems of medicine in India such as Ayurveda, siddha etc. The decoction of bark is internally administered to cure diseases like renal calculi, dysuria, helminthiasis, inflammations and abscesses. The decoction exhibits actions like carminative, laxative, thermogenic, diuretic, lithontriptic, expectorant and demulcent. The leaf and stem bark have been evaluated for their antioxidant activity and inhibition of key enzymes relevant to hyperglycemia.The leaves of Crataeva magna are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various kinds of wounds
Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants
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