Family: Solanaceae (potato family)
Botanical name: Capsicum annuum
PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES
Sanskrit: Brihatkatuveera, Raktamaricha
English: Red chillies, Capsicum, Sweet Pepper, Chilli Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Paprika, Shimla mirch
Malayalam: Pachamulaku, Vattal mulaku, Kappal mulaku, Chuvanna mulaku
Although the species name annuum means "annual" (from the Latin annus "year"), the plant is not an annual and in the absence of winter frosts can survive several seasons and grow into a large perennialshrub. The single flowers are an off-white (sometimes purplish) colour while the stem is densely branched and up to 60 centimetres (24 in) tall. The fruit is a berry and may be green, yellow or red when ripe. While the species can tolerate most climates, C. annuum is especially productive in warm and dry climates.
The froot of Pachamulaku is used for headaches, arthritis, rheumatism, neuralgia, menstrual cramps, indigestion, psoriasis, colds, fevers, muscle pain and omitting.